This Is How Elon Musk Can Fix The Damage His Starlink Satellites Are Causing To Astronomy (Forbes)
The Universe is out there, waiting for you to discover it.
On November 18, 2019, approximately 19 Starlink satellites passed over Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, disrupting astronomical observations and hindering the science being undertaken in a real, measurable way.
In any field of business or industry, the prevailing rule has always been that if there isn’t a law against it, you are free to do it. If there are no rules protecting a resource, you are free to use or take as much of it as you want to further your own ends. Until regulatory measures are put into place, disruptors and innovators are free to regulate themselves, often to the extraordinary detriment of those who depended on those now-scarce resources.
In astronomy, the greatest resource of all is a dark, clear night sky: humanity’s window to the Universe. Traditionally, its enemies have been turbulent air, cloud cover, and artificial light pollution. But very recently, a new type of pollutant has begun to pose an existential threat to astronomy itself: mega-constellations of satellites. If Elon Musk’s Starlink project continues as it has begun, it will likely end ground-based astronomy as we know it.
A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket lifts off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station carrying 60 Starlink satellites on November 11, 2019 in Cape Canaveral, Florida. The Starlink constellation will eventually consist of thousands of satellites designed to provide world wide high-speed internet service, but the cost to the science of astronomy is already substantial, and is poised to rise significantly over the coming years.
Launching satellites to provide services to those of us living on the ground is an essential part of modern-day living. GPS and telecommunications satellites enable our cellular signals and support our mobile internet today. With the coming upgrade to 5G services, a new set of infrastructure will be required, and that necessarily means an upgraded set of satellites equipped to provide that service must be launched.
One of the first companies to attempt to serve this market is SpaceX, under the guidance of Elon Musk, which plans to initially deploy 12,000 satellites in a mega-constellation known as Starlink. Ultimately, the constellation hopes to extend to a total of 42,000 satellites. As of November 20, 2019, only 122 of these satellites have been deployed, and they’ve already had a detrimental impact on astronomy on a global scale.
If we hope to mitigate this, either regulators or SpaceX executives themselves will need to mandate a change…
The historian has devoted her career to bringing to light the ingenious accomplishments of those who have been forgotten
By Susan Dominus
n 1969, Margaret Rossiter, then 24 years old, was one of the few women enrolled in a graduate program at Yale devoted to the history of science. Every Friday, Rossiter made a point of attending a regular informal gathering of her department’s professors and fellow students. Usually, at those late afternoon meetings, there was beer-drinking, which Rossiter did not mind, but also pipe-smoking, which she did, and joke-making, which she might have enjoyed except that the brand of humor generally escaped her. Even so, she kept showing up, fighting to feel accepted in a mostly male enclave, fearful of being written off in absentia.
During a lull in the conversation at one of those sessions, Rossiter threw out a question to the gathered professors. “Were there ever women scientists?” she asked. The answer she received was absolute: No. Never. None. “It was delivered quite authoritatively,” said Rossiter, now a professor emerita at Cornell University. Someone did mention at least one well-known female scientist, Marie Curie, two-time winner of the Nobel Prize. But the professors dismissed even Curie as merely the helper to her husband, casting him as the real genius behind their breakthroughs. Instead of arguing, though, Rossiter said nothing: “I realized this was not an acceptable subject.”
Tom Hofeller wasn’t just an outsider who happened to push a narrative identical to the Trump administration’s.
Last week brought a bombshell revelation in the fight over a controversial question about citizenship status on the 2020 census: Despite the Trump administration’s insistence that it wants to add the question for better voting rights enforcement rather than political gain, key wording in its legal rationale matches memos written by Tom Hofeller, a Republican gerrymandering expert. Hofeller, who died last summer, wrote that if the 2020 census asked about the citizenship status of respondents, it “would clearly be a disadvantage to the Democrats” and “advantageous to Republicans and Non-Hispanic Whites.”
Republican Party financial filings with federal regulators add a twist to this backstory: The party’s main political apparatus paid Hofeller more than $2 million for his work. That suggests that Hofeller’s memos weren’t simply independent advocacy for a pet issue, but that he and his work were deeply embedded in the heart of the GOP’s strategic operations.
According to Republican National Committee filings with the Federal Election Commission, from June 2009 until just weeks before his death last August, the GOP’s main political apparatus paid Hofeller just over $2 million for “legal and compliance” work. In fact, from Trump’s inauguration until July 2018, Hofeller was paid $422,000, in what appear to be regular monthly payments of $22,247.
ETHICS ?? Pfizer also should at least have published its data, making the findings broadly available to researchers. “Of course they should. Why not?’’ said Rudolph E. Tanzi, (617) 726-6845 a leading Alzheimer’s researcher and professor at Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital. “It would benefit the scientific community to have that data out there,’’ said Keenan Walker, Ph.D. an assistant professor of medicine at Johns Hopkins who is studying how inflammation contributes to Alzheimer’s. “Whether it was positive data or negative data, it gives us more information to make better informed decisions.’’ Find his research here https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.15470
Students who are literate in technology and engineering can use, understand, and evaluate technology. They can understand the technological principles and strategies that are needed to develop solutions and achieve goals. This includes students being able to use various technologies to communicate and collaborate.
Technology and engineering skills are an integral part of students’ everyday lives and will be critically important as they continue their educations and enter the workforce. Since technology is also integrated into other subjects, students require strong skills in this area to excel in all aspects of their coursework.
About the assessment
The computer-based assessment, administered to eighth grade public school students nationwide, asks students to complete collaborative, multimedia tasks and solve practical problems based in real-world contexts. It focuses on three major areas:
Technology & Society
Students’ understanding of the effects of technology on society and the natural world, which equips them to grapple with related ethical questions.
Design & Systems
Students’ understanding of engineering design processes, including basic aspects of managing everyday technology such as maintenance and troubleshooting.
Information & Communication Technology
Students’ ability to use technologies for accessing, creating, and communicating information, as well as facilitating creative expression.
State Performance Compared to the Nation: Data Table
Mathematics, Grade 4
Difference in average scale scores, percentage at or above Basic, percentage at or above Proficient, between all jurisdictions and National public, for All students [TOTAL], 2017
Impeachment as Political Strategy
Beyond the imperatives associated with rule of law imperatives, the process would be valuable to expose and weaken Trump and the Republicans for 2020
Corrupt UAW Official Norwood Jewell was a DNC Superdelegate who helped rig the game to keep Bernie Sanders out of the election, who suddenly retired last year as a vice-president at the United Auto Workers, is the highest-ranking labor official charged in a scheme to tap cash from a job training centre in Detroit that was financed exclusively by Fiat Chrysler, known as FCA. He is still listed as a DNC member on the Michigan Democratic Party’s website with his term set to expire in 2020. the superdelegate process was criticized by Sanders supporters for rigging the contest in Clinton’s favor. Sanders won the Michigan primary 49.8 percent to 47.3 percent, but Clinton earned more delegates. https://apnews.com/b7a93af32acc41ca8ac115a15ee8dc07
Veblen got his initial job, teaching political economy at a salary of $520 a year, in 1890 when the University of Chicago first opened its doors. Back in the days before SATs and admissions scandals, that school was founded and funded by John D. Rockefeller, the classic robber baron of Standard Oil. (Think of him as the Mark Zuckerberg of his day.)
from the beginning, Thorstein Veblen was there, prepared to focus his mind on Rockefeller and his cronies, the cream of the upper class and the most ruthless profiteers behind that Gilded Age. He was already asking questions that deserve to be raised again in the 1% world of 2019. How had such a conspicuous lordly class developed in America? What purpose did it serve? What did the members of the leisure class actually do with their time and money? And why did so many of the ruthlessly over-worked, under-paid lower classes tolerate such a peculiar, lopsided social arrangement in which they were so clearly the losers?
Gerard Mourou—one of the three winners of the 2018 Nobel Prize for Physics—claims that the lifespan of radioactive waste could potentially be cut to minutes from thousands of years. Although Mourou, 74, is quick to say that the laser option for nuclear waste that he and Irvine, California-based Professor Toshiki Tajima are working on may be years away, its promise has created a flurry of excitement for the sector in France.
Gérard Mourou The Nobel Prize in Physics 2018
Born: 22 June 1944, Albertville, France
Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA, École Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France
Prize motivation: “for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses.”
The Guardian and Scientific American provided simplified summaries of the work of Strickland and Mourou: it “paved the way for the shortest, most intense laser beams ever created”. “The ultrabrief, ultrasharp beams can be used to make extremely precise cuts so their technique is now used in laser machining and enables doctors to perform millions of corrective” laser eye surgeries.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau acknowledged the achievements of Mourou and Strickland: “Their innovative work can be found in applications including corrective eye surgery, and is expected to have a significant impact on cancer therapy and other physics research in the future”.
Girls Go CyberStart. The 2019 Girls Go CyberStart program is a series of online challenges that allow students to act as cyber protection agents to solve cybersecurity-related puzzles and explore related topics such as cryptography and digital forensics.
► NetBSD is a free, fast, secure, and highly portable Unix-like Open Source operating system. It is available for a wide range of platforms, from large-scale servers and powerful desktop systems to handheld and embedded devices.
► @govsatcom Marcus J. Ranum, #Computer and #NetworkSecurity Researcher is now discussing our assumptions about #ComputerSecurity at #govsatcom 2019 #CyberSecurity #Luxembourg
Never underestimate power, never underestimate fame. And our nation is run on loyalty, whether it be in Congress or your own little home, we’re positively tribal. Being rich and famous does not entitle you to break society’s rules. From time immemorial the wealthy have paid for silence, look at banks and offshore tax accounts.
How much less California spends on each public school student than other states.
$25.4k per student in NYC, $16.7k in PA and $10.4k here in California.
How do young families keep moving to CA?
Mostly True: You are shocked because the stats are bunk. Look at how much California teachers make (2nd highest in US) and then ask how overall spending could rank 41st? Answer: the 41st stat, like the $10.4k per student stat, has been helpfully “adjusted” to eliminate salary differences.
FALL ENROLLMENT 49,800,148 children
Average Daily Attendance 46,457,525 children
2017 High School Graduates 3,238,440 page 18
AVERAGE SALARY OF INSTRUCTIONAL STAFF 60,206 page 25
AVERAGE SALARY OF TEACHERS 58,479 page 26
How Much Federal Money follows the child out of the public school system into for profit charter follows no rules companies.
PUBLIC SCHOOL REVENUE PER STUDENT IN FALL ENROLLMENT page 29
PERCENTAGE OF COMBINED STATE & LOCAL REVENUE 49.8 page 34
The exceptions start on page 83
example: Enrollment figures only include students attending public schools and do not include those students attending private schools at public expense.
“Revenues generated from lottery have very little or no impact on overall education spending,” said Lucy Dadayan, a senior policy analyst at the Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government, an Albany, New York, think tank. The reason: State legislatures often use the millions of dollars that come in from the lottery as an opportunity to reallocate other funds intended for schools from the state’s general revenue, making the overall education budget barely higher than it was before lottery money was added. “The state legislators added the funding in to the budget, and then they take it out,” said John O’Neil, communications director for the Virginia Education Association, an organization of more than 50,000 teachers and school professionals.
►Public school districts large systems that serve close to or more than 100,000 students have No Chief Privacy Officers.
Who is senior-level official who is responsible for the organization’s privacy policies and data governance in your school district?
Big Education Ape: Oakland, CA: Billionaires Will Convene to Discuss New Plans for Privatizing Public Schools | Diane Ravitch’s blog
Stats already show that Charter Schools do not graduate their students from high school.
Billionaires want all the K12 Department of Education money meant for the common good, the commons, our common wealth for their own pocket. These billionaires want the tax payers money for their own private gain just to enrich themselves.
This has NOTHING to do with the quality of K12 Education.
The big business of selling student information and they do not protect their rights to privacy.
Anonymous at the top of the list
Chan Zuckerberg Foundation
Charles & Helen Schwab Foundation
The Walton Family Foundation
W.K. Kellogg Foundation
Perkins Hunter Foundation (Perkins family wealth started by opium drug running pirates)
The College Board
Michael & Susan Dell Foundation
John & Ann Doerr
► THERE ARE NO CHIEF PRIVACY OFFICERS IN K-12 EDUCATION
DO YOU KNOW WHAT YOUR STATE IS COLLECTING ABOUT YOUR CHILD?There isn’t a single school district with a K-12 CPO. In fact, it is still extremely rare for districts to hire even one full-time employee dedicated to privacy.
Student Privacy Bill Protection : No Parental Consent Needed for Data Mining
Anyone who tells you they don’t need privacy because they “have nothing to hide” is a sheep that will enable a total surveillance state. Just don’t do it. Privacies protect our basic human rights.
Alex Stamos on Twitter: “This explains how Facebook plans to monetize a unified, 2 billion user end-to-end encrypted messaging service. I can’t think of a tech project with a more important privacy/safety balancing act than this one. I hope my friends working on it start public discussions on that.
@DanaGoldstein A few months ago I was interviewing a college admissions coach who told me the following about how big of a donation it takes to get a child into an Ivy no questions asked: “There’s a certain magic number. It’s way higher than people think: $10 million.”
“This case is about the widening corruption of elite college admissions through the steady application of wealth combined with fraud,” Andrew Lelling, the U.S. attorney for the District of Massachusetts, said at a news conference. According to Lelling, the ringleader of the scam is William Singer, owner of a college counseling service called Key Worldwide Foundation, who accepted bribes totaling $25 million from parents between 2011 and 2018 “to guarantee their children’s admission to elite schools.”
“The parents are a catalog of wealth and privilege,” Lelling said. “They include, for example, the CEOs of private and public companies, successful securities and real estate investors, two well-known actresses, a famous fashion designer and the co-chairman of a global law firm.”
Also named as defendants in the indictment are Robert Zangrillo, founder and CEO of the private investment firm Dragon Global; Bill Glashan, a businessman and international private equity investor; and Gordon Caplan, a New York attorney.
► Former PIMCO CEO Doug Hodge Named In Fraud Complaint Alongside Aunt Becky From “Full House”
Imagine surviving years of working with Bill Gross only to be taken down by bribing your kid into college. Um, Doug? You do have to talk in code. You’re doing a fraud.
JFC, you’d think a guy who spent that much time with Bill Gross would know how to bullshit properly.
@shamuskhan When I did my research on elite schooling, an admin officer/development person told me, “The price of admission to UPenn is $5M”; meaning that a gift of that amount would pretty much get your kid in. Other Ivies were “a bit more.” There’s been a pathway through development…
► ETHICS Labor Secretary’s @POTUS Tweets Raise Ethics Fears in Department
The question isn’t whether a Trump Cabinet member and public affairs workers running an agency Twitter account can “at” the president; it’s whether they can use social media to declare that a president seeking another term in office is responsible for new jobs and wage growth using figures the agency is tasked with compiling.
I woke up this morning to discover, yet again, that I was one of a stupidly large number of people whose personal data had been leaked in the latest mega breach. Troy Hunt’s ‘have i been pwned? https://haveibeenpwned.com/‘ service informed me that 763,117,241 people have had their records leaked by Verifications IO: including verified emails, phone numbers, addresses, dates of birth, Facebook, LinkedIn and Instagram account details, credit scoring and even mortgage data such as amount owing and interest rates being charged. Which wasn’t the best news to receive first thing on a Sunday morning. But then things got even worse, a lot worse. SC Media UK reports <https://www.scmagazineuk.com/2-billion-records-leaked-breach-triple-size-earlier-reports/article/1578429> that Andrew Martin, CEO & founder of cybersecurity company DynaRisk, has revealed the true number of leaked records is much higher. How much higher? How does a total of 2,069,145,043 unencrypted records grab you?
So, what actually happened?
► 80 million records Data Breach Bleeping Computer <https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/insecure-database-leads-to-over-800-million-records-data-breach/> an unprotected MongoDB database was discovered by security researcher Bob Diachenko. Having cross-referenced the data, sitting there in plain text, with the have i been pwned site, Diachenko was able to conclude this was fresh to the market new information and not just a dump of previously breached data as has been seen with the recent Collection 1 leak <https://www.forbes.com/sites/daveywinder/2019/02/01/2-2-billion-accounts-found-in-biggest-ever-data-dump-how-to-check-if-youre-a-victim/>. After doing some more investigative work, Diachenko was able to track the database back to the Verifications IO enterprise email validation service. This company validates bulk email lists for companies wanting to remove inactive addresses from newsletter mailouts. Diachenko reported, working alongside researcher Vinny Troia, that a total of 808,539,939 records had been leaked. The ‘mailEmailDatabase’ contained three sections: Emailrecords, emailWithPhone and businessLeads containing that data. However, Dynarisk CEO, Andrew Martin, also analyzed the data and came to the conclusion that on the one server exposed to the web there were actually four databases not just the one. He told The Register <https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/03/08/verificationio_database_hole/>”Our analysis was conducted over all four databases and extracted over two billion email addresses. The additional three databases were hosted on the same server, which is no longer accessible.”
What data was leaked?
The security researcher who made the discovery, Bob Diachenko <https://securitydiscovery.com/800-million-emails-leaked-online-by-email-verification-service/>, says that “although not all records contained the detailed profile information about the email owner, a large amount of records were very detailed.” That detail included commonplace breach data such as email addresses and phone numbers, but went far beyond the basics as well. Information such as dates of birth, mortgages amounts and interest rates and social media accounts related to the emails in question. But it doesn’t stop there, you can also throw in basic credit scoring data, company names and revenue figures as well.
Should you be worried?
Yes, of course you should. This was, after all, a massive leak of the kind of personal information that would be a goldmine for the phishers and spammers of this world. However, that concern can be diluted by a number of factors. Not least there’s the small matter that nobody has found any compelling evidence that the data has actually been used for any criminal purpose as of yet. Although the databases were accessible for some time, as soon as the problem was disclosed to Verifications IO the service was taken offline and remains so. Which means that bad guys alerted by this news won’t be able to exploit it. What’s just as important as what was in the breach is what wasn’t. So, there were no social security numbers, no credit card numbers, no passwords. And, importantly, this was a leak not a hack: white hat researchers found the data was accessible rather than black hats looking to exploit it. Can you mitigate your risk?…
► And they call crypto “magic money”
@ecb The European Central Bank is the central bank for Europe’s single currency, the euro. Its main task is to maintain the euro’s purchasing power. Praet: As a central bank, we can create money to buy assets.
Kinda like ‘counterfeiting’ eh?!
Central bank monetary intervention of this distorted magnitude is the equivalent of mankind attempting to manipulate the weather….it likely has catastrophic consequences in the end.
Come on people, just let them do god’s work. Goldman Sachs’ Blankfein on Banking: ‘Doing God’s Work’
Dreamers and Dropouts: Stories From Stanford, Cradle of Unicorns: The Good and the Bad of Stanford’s Massively Successful Startup Scene
Yes: a flying, jet-powered motorcycle As spec’ed out, the commercial speeder will weigh 231 lbs and be powered by four jet engines fueled with kerosene, diesel or Jet-A fuel. An ultralight version of the speeder will fly 60mph and won’t require a pilot’s license; alternatively, an experimental version of the craft will be able to fly over 150mph, but will require a formal license to fly. That aircraft should also have 30 minutes of flight time with 1200lbs of max thrust and a flight ceiling of 15,000 feet, though JetPack fully admits that most of its customers won’t need that…
NYC Media Lab newletter – https://nycmedialab.org/data/ How AI Will Rewire Us
Nicholas A. Christakis, Sterling Professor of Social and Natural Science at Yale and author of Blueprint: The Evolutionary Origins of a Good Society, believes AI is the only general purpose technology (GPT) that will fundamentally change our relations towards each other. If you look at any other GPT – the steam engine, electricity, the internet – these have changed everything around us except our “love, friendship, cooperation, and teaching” – what Christakis calls our evolutionary social suite. In this Atlantic piece, he explores how AI will be the first GPT to affect our social suite. Christakis noticed some peculiar things at his Yale lab. For one, when you include a cheerful bot who admits to occasional mistakes in a group assignment, the humans in the group work better together, vs. groups with bland robots. This holds true in larger experiments, with thousands of participants: “groups with mistake-prone bots consistently outperformed groups containing bots that did not make mistakes”. ~ Joly MacFie
John Gilmore **Copyright seizure approaching** SpaCCS 2019 CFP (10+SIs): The 12th International Conference on Security, Privacy and Anonymity in Computation, Communication and Storage
Don’t submit your paper to this conference! When researchers refuse to
supply their papers to the publishers who extort monopoly fees from
academic librarians, they have found the easiest way to tear down these
If you submit any paper to this conference, you will be forced to assign your entire copyright in the paper to “Springer Nature
Switzerland AG”, now and forever, for their profit and your loss
and the public’s loss (see below).
Jun Feng is a program chair. He should know to warn authors that
the whole conference is a scam on academic authors, which steals their
copyrights in order to extract large fees from academic libraries. But
perhaps he did not mention this because he’s helping to run the scam.
I recommend publishing your work in Open Access conferences and journals in which (1) you are free to retain your copyright and control your rights, and (2) the public is free to read your paper without paying exhorbitant fees to a walled-garden publisher that prevents public access to your scholarship. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_access .
For example, the USENIX
Association runs many respected conferences and does Open Access
publication of their proceedings (https://www.usenix.org/). The Public
Library of Science journals are also Open Access
(https://www.plos.org/). Open access publishing increases your impact,
because all potential readers can actually read your paper. Many
funders and academic institutions *require* that your work be published
with open access, because they have seen how the academic publishing
monopoly has damaged academic libraries (and science in general).
The beginning of cloud based music streaming technology starts in 1899.
There is Nothing new under the sun, so if you were born after 1985 this may sound like fossil hunting, however this really happened!
Swing Hostess is a comedy that shows a fictional company named Jukebox Emporium Company using the real technology – serving music from vinyl records through the telephone wire that allowed Jukebox users to hear the requested songs.
Watch Swing Hostess 1944 Comedy
Lots of sexist, nasty comments about “those kind of women”
► 33:38 Jukebox User Request to the operator:
How About the Cook Stove Special?
Yeah, you know Home on the Range. 🙂
► 14:00 The Job Training explains the “File” system
In the beginning of Wired Music technology, you ordered your song to play by telephone. The company service had a central office with operators who loaded disks onto record players. It only served a limited area of office buildings and other businesses. The bandwidth of the premium phone lines was better than a standard phone line (300-3000 Hz), but still not exactly “hi-fi”, but for 78 records it was good enough.
► 34:00 Get the marines! we’ve got a war to wage.
► 34:24 The company phone operator receives a phone call from the Juke Box “User” who has paid .25¢, .10¢, or .05¢ cents to hear the vinyl record spin the requested song through the telephone wire to the customer/user who paid to hear it.
► From vinyl records, cassettes, CDs, Napster files, mp3, mp4, wav etc, ipod players, cell phones to Streaming companies where it is no longer necessary to own the file.
Now we pay $10.00 monthly for all you can eat modern cloud based streamingtech companies when a user can choose from millions of files.
The Shyvers Multiphone, released in 1939 by Kenneth C. Shyvers, was an early model of a coin-operated phonograph (also known as a jukebox). It allowed patrons at restaurants, cafes and bars to play music at their table, and worked through telephone lines. The user inserted the necessary amount of coins, and was connected to a team of all-female disc jockeys in Seattle, who manually put on the selected song on a phonograph, playing the music through the telephone connection. At the height of the product’s popularity, the 8,000 Multiphones were used in various establishments primarily on the west coast. – Shyvers’ 1947 patent for his music box design – Development of Telephone Line Broadcasting Systems -A Centralized Music Library
The Multiphone was a music selection device that operated over telephone lines mostly in Seattle, Tacoma and Olympia, Washington from 1939 to 1959.
It was created by Kenneth and Lois Shyvers of the Seattle, Washington area. This man also invented the pinball machine. The Multiphone is a version of a jukebox wall box.
These units were typically placed on tables, counters or bars. A patron could deposit a coin and speak with a telephone operator standing at a turntable at the Central Music studio, who would then play a selection in the speaker at the bottom of the Multiphone. These units became popular because they had a record range of 170 whereas jukeboxes only had a record range of 20-48.
How it worked
These units sat on tables, counters, and bars. The system required two leased telephone lines, one for the multiphone, one for the loudspeakers on the wall that were connected to the record playing station. First you would select from the 170 choices of tunes, drop the correct amount of dimes in the coin slot at the top of the machine, for your selections. The two lights in the middle of the unit would then light up, and thru one of the leased telephone lines the disc jockey would be alerted and then they would talk direct to you thru the speaker in the top of the unit to find out your choices. You would give the numbered choices, they would then be played, with the sound coming thru the four inch speaker in the bottom of the unit. These units became popular because they had a record range of 170 whereas jukeboxes only had 20-24. The jukebox was remodeled to play 180 45 rpm records and the multiphone could not compete and went out of business in 1959. This unit is buffed cast aluminum and has been rewired to plug in and see the lights work. There is also speaker wire attached to hook up to your unit if so desired. The condition is excellent for its age. All original except the cord, no dents, no rust and no pitting. … Empire State Building Shyvers Jukebox Selector Pic
played an important role in the evolution of the jukebox, an invention that grew to become a staple of its time and is still often used in cafes and restaurants to recreate the temporality of the mid 20th century. The first recorded coin operated phonograph was presented in 1889, in a public demonstration at the Palais Royal Restaurant in San Francisco on November 23, 1889.
Louis T. Glass, the operator of this initial model, is credited as “the father of the concept.” Before delving into the phonograph world, Glass worked as a telegraph operator at Western Union, but then left the company with the advent of the telephone, investing in various telephone companies in Oakland and San Francisco. He eventually became the general manager of the Pacific States Telephone and Telegraph Co. After his successful investments, he then partnered with businessman William S. Arnold to further develop the coin-operated phonograph.
Though Glass is considered to be the “father” of the jukebox, he and Arnold only filed a patent for the “Coin Actuated Attachment for Phonographs,” not a completely functional coin-operated phonograph in 1889.
The people of the 1930s and 1940s had coin-operated music players.
The Multiphone and jukeboxes created a new “social practice” of listening to the same music together as media scholar Jose van Dijck says in his article
“Record and Hold: Popular Music between personal and Collective memory.”
According to Dijck, a listener’s memory of music cannot be removed from the context in which it was experienced. For the people during the age of the Multiphone and jukeboxes, the conversations at bars and diners about selecting a song to play made a special place in listeners’ minds. More importantly, this very practice of going to a public place to listen to music is the effect of the technology’s power to create new rituals and thinking as media scholar, Marshall McLuhan discusses in his pivotal work, “The Medium Is The Message.”
2019 The Music Modernization Act passes
Copyright Royalty Board (CRB) ruled to increase royalty payments to songwriters and music publishers from music streaming companies by nearly 44 percent, the biggest rate increase granted in CRB history. These rates will go into effect for interactive streaming and limited download services like Amazon, Apple, Google, and Spotify for the years 2018-2022, and will transform how songwriters are paid by these interactive streaming services.
This was a hearing pitting songwriters and music publishers against five technology companies, including three of the largest companies in the world (Apple, Amazon and Google), which sought to reduce the already low rate of royalties that they pay to songwriters for the use of their music on their streaming services. [monopolies vs. antitrust law]
Even though the songwriters were looking for a per-stream rate, that they did not get, the digital services were fighting to reduce rates, so it is still a victory for them. Streamlined rate terms replace calculations with a simplified formula based on the “greater of” concept. This, under previous conditions, may have involved dozens of computations involving different offerings has been reduced to two variables. Originally, songwriters asked the CRB to grant the greater of 15 cents per 100 streams or $1.06 per user per month, but they did gain ground. Over the last decade, since the beginning of music streaming, writer royalties had been strictly based on a percentage of each streaming service’s revenue, putting them at the mercy of subjective corporate decision-making.
► Broadcasts are considered a public performance, and garner a higher performance license rate. For instance, Rodney Jerkins illustrated the discrepancy in September at the Recording Academy’s District Advocacy Day in Los Angeles by sharing an accounting statement for “As Long As You Love Me,” a top 10 hit for Justin Bieber in 2012. By 2013, Jerkins’ stake in the song generated $146,000 in performance royalties, while streaming revenue from the same period garnered $278 for 38 million Pandora plays and $218 for 34 million YouTube streams.
1) For the next five years (from 2018 – 2022) the per-stream royalty rate for mechanical royalties will increase incrementally from the current 10.5% of Gross revenue to 15.1% of Gross revenue. For example, in the current model, if a music service made $100 in Gross Revenue, then 10.5% of $100 is the pot of money being paid for all the compositions, an amount of $10.50. If there are 100 streams in that one month, the service divides $10.50 by 100 streams to get a per stream rate of $0.105 per stream Under the new model, by 2022, the 10.5% will increase to 15.1%. Doing the same calculation means each stream is now worth $0.151 per stream, an increase of about 40%.
2) If the music services pay the royalties late, they will be charged a late fee.
3) If a record label negotiates a higher rate with Spotify for the recording (as there is no government regulation or rate for recordings), then the royalty rate for the composition can also increase, but with a limit. For example, if a record label gets 70% of Gross Revenue, then the amount being paid for the composition could theoretically increase to above 15.1%.
HOW LONG HAS THIS BEEN GOING ON?
The Telephone Line Music Systems were an interesting but short-lived feature in the history of the jukebox.
► 2019 The CRB mandated 15.1% rate, phasing in over the next five years, is one of the highest rates in the world and is now a rate that must be met under the law.
2019 ARSC CONFERENCE The Outreach Committee of the Association for Recorded Sound Collections (ARSC)
53rd annual ARSC Conference, May 8-11, 2019, in Portland, Oregon.
The conference programs will take place at the Benson Hotel, an historic hotel located within walking distance of shopping, dining, and entertainment in the Pearl District, Pioneer Square, and downtown Portland. It is within striking distance of several of the city’s many record stores and Powell’s City of Books. Museums include the Portland Art Museum, Oregon Historical Society, and the Oregon Museum of Science and Industry.
The pre-conference workshop, “All Things Digital: Digital Audio Workstation Basics,” will be held on May 8, 9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m., at the Crystal Ballroom, in the Benson Hotel.
A block of rooms has been reserved at special rates for ARSC conference attendees. ARSC’s contracted dates extend from May 7-11. Additionally, the group rate will be honored three days before and three days after, based on availability. The deadline for reservations at the group rate is April 12. After that date, reservations will be accepted on a space available basis at the prevailing rate.
Register early and save! In order to receive the early registration discount, you must register for the conference by April 19. Registration options are available for members and non-members. A special fee waiver program is available for student members. Online registration is now available at:
ARSC is dedicated to the preservation and study of sound recordings — in all genres of music and speech, in all formats, and from all periods. Reflecting this broad mission, the upcoming conference offers talks and sessions that will appeal to both professionals and collectors.
Presenters include representatives from archives across North America and Europe, as well as record collectors, dealers, audio engineers and producers, academics, historians, and musicians.
This year’s plenary sessions are:
► The Music Modernization Act and You
Discogs — Collaboration and Crowdsourcing in the 21st Century
Presentations and session topics include:
The Fabulous Wailers and the Founding of the Northwest Rock ’n’ Roll Sound
Phil Moore: Portland’s Forgotten Groomer of the Stars and Musical Genius
Portland’s Native Son Mel Blanc: “Wascally Wabbit” Making “Wecords” 🙂
Recent Developments in Audio Retrieval via Optical Methods
Discography, Then and Now
Recent Developments in the Preservation of Wire Recordings, Magnabelts, and Dictabelts
The First Black-Owned Recording Ventures Reissued: Black Swans
Jack Penewell: The Paramount Test Pressings and Private Recordings of the Inventor of the Twin-Six Guitar
Lacquers: Playback and Content
How to Leverage Open Mass Digitization Audio Projects
A Century of Concert Spiritual Recordings: The Pioneers
The First Days of Disco
Preserving NBC Radio Coverage of the Founding of the United Nations
Media Preservation and Digitization Principles and Practices
Portland’s DIY Scene: The Punk Underground, and Rock and Roll
Mahalia Jackson’s Apollo Recordings
How Archiving Challenges of the Past Can Be Used to Shape Future Approaches
Laurel and Hardy on the Radio: Rare and Well Done
Bob Fass and Radio Unnameable: Saving NYC’s Radical Radio History
Surveying Archival Yiddish Audio Collections: A Treasure of Yiddish Songs and Stories
Where the Music Matters: KEXP Audio Archives Digitization
Inventing the Recording in 1900 Spain: The Era of the Gabinetes Fonográficos
► Thursday evening “Ask the Technical Committee”
► Friday evening open to the general public “Collectors’ Roundtable” Friday evening, join Mark Cantor for the music-on-film event, “Music is Where You Find It.” Most fans of music on film are well aware of the riches to be found within feature films, short subjects, SOUNDIES, and television broadcasts. But popular music — jazz, blues, country, ethnic, and just plain “pop” — can be found in many other film genres. In this session, we will explore some of the other sources — often neglected when music on film is discussed — where great performances can be found: fund raising films, industrial shorts, television commercials, raw newsreel footage, experimental and independent films, propaganda pieces, animated cartoons, and home movies. This program is drawn from the Celluloid Improvisations Music Film Archive, perhaps the largest private collection of musical content where 16mm sound film is the primary source. Join us for a session of rarities that includes appearances from Benny Goodman, Duke Ellington, Helen Humes, Don Shirley, Big Bill Broonzy, “Cannonball” Adderley, Spade Cooley, Eddie Lang, and many more!
► PRE-CONFERENCE WORKSHOP
“All Things Digital: Digital Audio Workstation Basics” is a full-day, hands-on workshop on May 8, at the Benson Hotel. The workshop will give attendees a practical overview of digital audio workstation use for archival applications. It is intended for archivists, collection managers, researchers, students, and anyone who needs to have a working knowledge of digital audio. No previous experience necessary. The workshop is limited to 50 attendees.
OPTIONAL PRE-CONFERENCE TOUR
On May 8, tour Cascade Record Pressing, the first large-production, automated record pressing plant in the Pacific Northwest. It is Oregon’s only vinyl record pressing plant, and produces high-quality records for discerning artists and labels. Learn about all aspects of the record pressing process. Cascade Record Pressing is located about 20 minutes southeast of downtown Portland in Milwaukie. Grace Krause, Project Manager at Cascade Record Pressing, is generously offering a pre-conference tour for a limited number of participants (maximum: 15). Participants meet in the Benson Hotel lobby at 1:15 p.m. for 1:30 p.m. departure for the tour. Transportation will be by shared Uber vehicles. Participants return to hotel at 3:30 p.m. Fee applies (covers transportation).
NEWCOMER ORIENTATION and MENTORING PROGRAM
ARSC invites first-time conference attendees and conference veterans to participate in the Conference Mentoring Program. The program pairs newcomers with long-time members, based on their shared interests. Mentors provide mentees with an orientation to the conference, the association, and its participants in informal meetings over the course of the conference. Only ARSC veterans who are committed to the mentoring program should volunteer.
The conference will conclude on Saturday evening with the annual Awards Banquet. Winners of the 2018 Awards for Excellence and 2019 Lifetime Achievement and Distinguished Service awards will be honored. Finalists for the 2019 Awards for Excellence will be announced.
The Association for Recorded Sound Collections is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the preservation and study of sound recordings — in all genres of music and speech, in all formats, and from all periods. ARSC is unique in bringing together private individuals and institutional professionals — everyone with a serious interest in recorded sound.