2019 PENNSYLVANIA VOTE PA New election systems use vulnerable software

PA New election systems use vulnerable software


John MacMillan PA CIO was appointed as deputy secretary for information technology and chief information officer for the commonwealth in March 2015.

Sean E. Crager was named the Chief Technology Officer for the
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in February 2019.


Erik Avakian was named Chief Information Security Officer for the
commonwealth in 2010.

Marian K. Schneider was appointed Deputy Secretary for Elections and
Administration on February 2, 2015. #ElectionVerificationNetwork @marianschneider #VotesPA

There is no federal agency with regulatory authority or oversight of the U.S. voting machine industry  so the men above are responsible for the integrity of the vote in
The Office of Administration’s general number is:
(717) 787-9945

To contact an individual department:
Information Technology
Phone: (717) 787-5440

—-> 2019

80% of all votes in America are counted by only
two companies:  Diebold and ES&S.
Two voting companies
& two brothers will count 80 percent of U.S. election using both
scanners & touchscreens.

The vice-president of Diebold and the president of ES&S are


PA New election systems use vulnerable software

So far, nearly 60% have taken action, with $14.15 million of mostly
federal funds helping counties buy brand-new electoral systems.

But there’s a problem: Many of these new systems still run
on old software that will soon be outdated and more vulnerable to hackers.

An Associated Press analysis has found that like many counties in Pennsylvania, the vast majority of 10,000 election jurisdictions nationwide use Windows 7 or an older operating system to create ballots, program voting machines, tally votes and report counts.

That’s significant because Windows 7 reaches its “end of life” on Jan. 14, meaning Microsoft stops providing technical support and producing “patches” to fix software vulnerabilities, which hackers can exploit. In a statement to the AP, Microsoft said Friday it would offer continued Windows 7 security updates for a fee through 2023.

Critics say the situation is an example of
what happens when private companies ultimately determine the security
level of election systems with a lack of federal requirements or
Vendors say they have been making consistent
improvements in election systems. And many state officials say they are
wary of federal involvement in state and local elections.

It’s unclear whether the often hefty expense of security updates
would be paid by vendors operating on razor-thin profit margins or cash-strapped jurisdictions. It’s also uncertain if a version running on Windows 10, which has more security features, can be certified and rolled out in time for primaries.

“That’s a very serious concern,” said J. Alex Halderman, a
University of Michigan professor and renowned election security expert.
He said the country risks repeating “mistakes that we made over the
last decade or decade-and-a-half when states bought voting machines but
didn’t keep the software up-to-date and didn’t have any serious
provisions” for doing so.

The AP surveyed all 50 states, the District of Columbia and territories, and found multiple battleground
states affected by the end of Windows 7 support, including
Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Florida, Iowa, Indiana, Arizona and North Carolina. Also affected are Michigan, which recently acquired a newsystem, and Georgia, which will announce its new system soon.

“Is this a bad joke?” said Marilyn Marks, executive
director of the Coalition for Good Governance, an election integrity
advocacy organization, upon learning about the Windows 7 issue. Her
group sued Georgia to get it to ditch its paperless voting machines and
adopt a more secure system. Georgia recently piloted a system running
on Windows 7 that was praised by state officials.

The election technology industry is dominated by three titans:
Omaha, Nebraska-based Election Systems and Software LLC; Denver,
Colorado-based Dominion Voting Systems Inc.; and Austin, Texas-based
Hart InterCivic Inc. They make up about 92% of election systems used
nationwide, according to a 2017 study . All three have worked to win
over states newly infused with federal funds and eager for an update.

U.S. officials determined that Russia interfered in the 2016
presidential election and have warned that Russia, China and other
nations are trying to influence the 2020 elections.

Of the three companies, only Dominion’s newer systems aren’t touched
by upcoming Windows software issues—though it has election systems
acquired from no-longer-existing companies that may run on even older
operating systems.

Hart’s system runs on a Windows version that reaches its end of life
on Oct. 13, 2020, weeks before the election.

ES&S said it expects by the fall to be able to offer customers an election system running on Microsoft’s current operating system, Windows 10. It’s now being tested by a federally accredited lab.

For jurisdictions that have already purchased systems running on Windows 7, ES&S said it will be working with Microsoft to provide support until jurisdictions can update. Windows 10 came out in 2015.

Hart and Dominion didn’t respond to requests for comment.

Microsoft usually releases patches for operating systems monthly, so
hackers have learned to target older, unsupported systems. Its systems
have been ground zero for crippling cyberattacks, including the
WannaCry ransomware attack, which froze systems in 200,000 computers
across 150 countries in 2017.

For many people, the end of Microsoft 7 support means simply
updating. However, for election systems the process is more
onerous. ES&S and Hart don’t have federally certified systems on Windows 10, and the road to certification is long and costly, often taking at least a year and costing six figures.

ES&S, the nation’s largest vendor, completed its latest
certification four months ago, using Windows 7. Hart’s last
certification was May 29 on a Windows version that also won’t be
supported by November 2020.

Though ES&S is testing a new system it’s unclear how long
it will take to complete the process—federal and possible state
recertification, plus rolling out updates—and if it will be done before
primaries begin in February.

Election administrators notoriously suffer from insufficient
resources. Recently, many jurisdictions splurged on new election
systems, some using their portion of $380 million in federal funds
provided to states.

Counties in South Dakota, South Carolina and Delaware all recently
bought election systems, while many others are evaluating purchases.

The use of election systems that still run on Windows 7 “is of
concern, and it should be of concern,” said U.S. Election Assistance
Commission Chair Christy McCormick. EAC develops election system

McCormick noted that while election systems aren’t supposed to be connected to the internet, various stages of the election process require transfers of information, which could be points of vulnerability for attackers. She said some election administrators are working to address the problem.

Officials in Pennsylvania, Michigan and Arizona say they have
discussed the software issue with their vendors. Other states mentioned in this story didn’t respond to AP requests for comment.

Pennsylvania elections spokeswoman Wanda Murren said contract language allows such a software upgrade for free.
Arizona elections spokeswoman C. Murphy Hebert said ES&S has also assured the state that it will provide support to counties for an upgrade.

Susan Greenhalgh, policy director for the advocacy group
National Election Defense Coalition, said even the best scenario has election administrators preparing for primaries while trying to upgrade their systems, which is “crazy.” Her group shared its concerns about Windows 7 with AP.

Certification, which is voluntary at the federal level but sometimes
required by state laws, ensures vendor software runs properly on
operating systems they’re tested on. But there is no cybersecurity
check and the process often fails to keep up with rapidly changing

Kevin Skoglund, chief technologist for Citizens for Better Elections, said county election
officials point to EAC and state certifications as “rock-solid proof” their systems are secure, but don’t realize vendors are certifying
systems under 2005 standards.

Local officials rely on vendors to build secure systems and EAC and
the states to enforce high standards, Skoglund said.

After the AP began making inquiries, Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., wrote
McCormick asking what EAC, which has no regulatory power, is doing to
address a “looming election cybersecurity crisis” that essentially lays
the “red carpet” out to hackers.

“Congress must pass legislation giving the federal government the
authority to mandate basic cybersecurity for election infrastructure,”
Wyden told the AP in a statement.

New election systems use vulnerable software


Systems Across Country Still Rely on Windows 7, Which Loses Free
Support Next Year


!!!!!! THIS

— PA Election officials call cyber-attack theory far fetched

and Mercer to Implement New Post-Election Audits for November 2019
Election – Election Systems & Software


Election Voter Education for Americans

We hang the petty thieves and appoint the great ones to public office. ~ Aesop

2018 The Crisis of Election Security
more than 80 percent of the machines in use today are under the purview
of three companies — Dominion, ES&S and Hart InterCivic.

Top Voting Machine Vendor Admits It Installed
Remote-Access Software on Systems Sold to States
July 17,
Remote-access software and modems on election equipment ‘is the worst
decision for security short of leaving ballot boxes on a Moscow street

Device Manufacturer Encourages Users To Use (And Re-Use) Easily-Guessed

Kim Zetter, writing for Motherboard, has obtained a manual for devices
made by Unisyn Voting Solutions, which provides horrendous security
advice for users of its products. There are federal guidelines for
voting systems. The Elections Assistance Committee makes the following
recommendations for passwords: [E]lection officials are encouraged to
change passwords after every election. Passwords should also have the
following characteristics: they should be at least six characters,
preferably eight, and include at least one uppercase letter, a
lowercase letter, at least one number and a symbol. It also says,
though, that passwords should be easy to remember so that employees
won’t need to write them down, “yet sufficiently vague that they cannot
be easily guessed.”

Passwords SysremID: IamInfected
Password: H1N1tobereplacedGesundheit


Yes, You can Rig the Election cause “how to hack” the machine is so
easy.New election systems in Pennsylvania, elsewhere are using old, vulnerable software


Hacker demonstrates how voting machines can be compromised

Roughly 70 percent of states in the U.S. use some form of electronic
voting. Hackers told CBS News that problems with electronic voting machines have been
around for years
. The machines and the software are
old and antiquated. But now with millions heading to the polls in three
months, security experts are screaming about it !!!!!!!!!!

Symantec Security Response, Election Day results could be
manipulated by an affordable device you can find online.  “I can insert
it, and then it resets the card, and now I’m able to vote again,” said
Brian Varner, a principle researcher at Symantec, demonstrating the

The voter doesn’t even need to leave the booth to hack the machine.
“For $15 and in-depth knowledge of the card, you could hack the vote,”
Varner said.  Symantec Security Response director Kevin Haley said
elections can also be hacked by breaking into the machines after the
votes are collected.  “The results go from that machine into a piece of
electronics that takes it to the central counting place,” Haley said.
“That data is not encrypted and that’s vulnerable for manipulation.”
“How big of a hacking potential problem is this?” Villarreal asked
him.  “Well, there’s a huge potential,” Haley responded. “There are so
many places in the voting process once it goes electronic that’s


Become a poll worker Allegheny County:
Call the Elections Division at 412-350-4548 or by email at edward.barnard@alleghenycounty.us
Westmoreland County: Contact the Elections Bureau at 724-830-3564 or by email at election@co.westmoreland.pa.us.
An application can be completed online here.
Visit this link to find the contact information for your county. Westmoreland County: Contact the Elections Bureau at 724-830-3564 or by email at election@co.westmoreland.pa.us.

Visit this link to find the contact information for your county.

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