1958 National Defense Education Act, PL85-864 (graduate fellowship program and the National Defense Student Loan Program (NDSL), the precursor to the Perkins Loan Program, first Federal student aid program for low-income students)
Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act
Carl Dewey Perkins (October 15, 1912 – August 3, 1984, a Democrat, was a politician and member of the United States House of Representatives from the state of Kentucky.
Perkins, Carl Dewey (1912-1984) — also known as Carl D. Perkins — of Hindman, Knott County, Ky. Born in Hindman, Knott County, Ky., October 15, 1912. Democrat. Lawyer; member of Kentucky state house of representatives, 1940; served in the U.S. Army during World War II; U.S. Representative from Kentucky 7th District, 1949-84; died in office 1984. Member, American Legion; Freemasons. Died in Lexington, Fayette County, Ky., August 3, 1984 (age 71 years, 293 days). Interment at Perkins Cemetery, Leburn, Ky.
Relatives: Father of Carl Christopher Perkins (1954-).
Perkins, Carl Christopher (b. 1954) — also known as Carl C. Perkins;
Chris Perkins — of Leburn, Knott County, Ky. Born in Washington, D.C., August 6, 1954. Democrat. Member of Kentucky state house of representatives, 1981-84; U.S. Representative from Kentucky 7th District, 1985-93; minister. Baptist; later Presbyterian. Pleaded guilty in 1994 to bank fraud in connection with the House banking scandal; he wrote overdrafts totaling about $300,000 (covered by the House bank) and made false statements to obtain loans from commercial banks; also pleaded guilty to charges of filing false statements with the Federal Election Commission and false financial disclosure reports. Sentenced to 21 months in prison. In March 2000, pleaded guilty to criminal contempt of court for lying to a federal probation officer about his income. Still living as of 2013.
1986 Reauthorization of the Higher Education Act (added Congressional Methodology as a second federal need analysis methodology, gave financial aid administrators broad discretion through “professional judgment”, required financial need for the GSL interest subsidy, NDSL renamed Perkins Loan, created Supplemental Loan to Students (SLS) for graduate, professional and independent students, restricted PLUS loans to parent borrowers, added FFEL consolidation loans)
A History of Vocational and Career Education in Ohio: 1828-2000
iUniverse, Inc. New York Lincoln Shanghai
To fulfill an eligibility requirement of the Carl Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act, an assessment was conducted of the public vocational … Carl D Perkins Voc and Appl Techn Educ Act 1990
The Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act was first authorized by the federal government in 1984 and reauthorized in 1998. Named for Carl D. Perkins, the act aims to increase the quality of technical education within the United States in order to help the economy.
On August 12, 2006 President George W Bush signed into law the reauthorization of the Act of 1998. The new law, the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Improvement Act of 2006, was passed almost unanimously by Congress in late July, 2006.
The new law includes three major areas of revision:
1) Using the term “career and technical education” instead of “vocational education”
2) Maintaining the Tech Prep program as a separate federal funding stream within the legislation
3) Maintaining state administrative funding at 5 percent of a state’s allocation
The new law also includes new requirements for “programs of study” that link academic and technical content across secondary and postsecondary education, and strengthened local accountability provisions that will ensure continuous program improvement.
The Perkins Act provides almost $1.3 billion in federal support for career and technical education programs in all 50 States, including support for integrated career pathways programs. a national picture of infant-toddler child care policies and finds that, collectively, states could be doing far better meeting the needs of our youngest children and their families
Corilie Perkins

Fake Everything found in China including Goldman Sachs

Heard of China’s Fake Rolexes? Now There’s a Fake Goldman Sachs
China has been accused of pirating movies, handbags, Rolexes — even cars. Add Goldman Sachs to the list.
Goldman Sachs (Shenzhen) Financial Leasing Co. has been operating in the city just across the border from Hong Kong using a nearly identical English and Chinese name as the New York-based financial institution, Goldman Sachs Group Inc. It claims on its website to be one of the city’s largest financial leasing firms.
A receptionist answering the phone at the Shenzhen company who declined to give her name said it’s not affiliated with the U.S. bank and wouldn’t offer how it got its name, emphasizing it includes Shenzhen. It’s the first time she’s been asked the question, she said.
A filing with the Shenzhen government indicates the company has been operating since May 2013. The company uses the same Chinese characters, gao sheng, as the real Goldman Sachs, and its English font is evocative of the U.S. bank’s.
Connie Ling, a Hong Kong-based spokeswoman for Goldman Sachs, confirmed there are no ties between the U.S. investment bank and the Shenzhen company and said Goldman is looking into the matter.
It’s not the only bank facing brazen name-borrowing. In a more extreme example, a 39-year-old man in eastern China’s Shandong province was arrested earlier in August after setting up a fake branch of China Construction Bank, including card readers, teller counters and signs.
Shenzhen’s Goldman Sachs came to light through a letter sent by a U.S. casino workers union to Chinese officials. The International Union of Operating Engineers said it sent a letter to Wang Qishan, head of the Chinese Communist Party’s Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, which is spearheading the biggest anti-corruption crackdown in decades.
Money Laundering
The letter called on China’s government to investigate Goldman Sachs (Shenzhen), which it said is a financial services company linked to a group of gambling companies controlled by the family of Cheung Chi-tai. Prosecutors in at least two other court cases alleged he has ties to Chinese organized crime gangs, known as triads. Cheung is awaiting trial and his next court appearance is scheduled for September.
Cheung is a prominent figure in Macau junkets, which facilitate loans to Chinese high rollers in the only Chinese territory where gambling is legal. Casino revenue has fallen as China’s anti-corruption drive has affected junkets.
“Macau’s current gambling regulatory structure we believe is ill-equipped to monitor and adequately regulate a junket’s outside partnerships and financing arrangements,” Jeffrey Fiedler, the U.S. union representative, said in the Aug. 25 letter.
Possible Ties
The union has been trying to pressure Chinese and U.S. regulators to investigate Macau, where American casinos such as Las Vegas Sands Corp. have big operations, for possible ties to organized crime and money laundering.
Three phone calls to the office of the CCDI in Beijing went unanswered. An operator with CCDI’s hotline for public reporting said she’s not familiar with the case.
The company’s office is located in a relatively new gleaming high-rise office park along a tree-lined street on the western fringe of Shenzhen, a former fishing village turned global manufacturing powerhouse.
Gold Control
The union said the Shenzhen company is controlled by a Hong Kong-based gold trader unaffiliated with the investment bank. Its connection to Cheung is through relatives, the letter said. The Shenzhen Goldman Sachs’s website was inaccessible as of Wednesday, though it could be viewed in screen grabs captured by the union.
“There have been quite a few cases where Chinese individuals or organizations have registered in China the trademark of an existing and established overseas brand,” Paul Haswell, a Hong Kong-based partner at law firm Pinsent Masons, said in an e-mail.
If history is any guide, Goldman doesn’t have much chance of changing its Shenzhen doppelganger. Basketball legend Michael Jordan lost a case against a Chinese sportswear company that used the Chinese version of his name.
Apple Inc. paid $60 million to settle a trademark dispute with a Chinese company that had applied to block the sale of iPad computer tablets in 2012.
“It’s notoriously difficult for an overseas claimant to persuade the Chinese courts that there has been trademark infringement,” said Haswell. “There’s still a practice of whoever registers first wins.”

Man fakes bank, swindling thousands of dollars in E China

A fake bank busted in E China’s Shandong Province.
A 39-year-old man in east China’s Shandong Province scammed thousands of dollars by faking one of the world’s biggest banks, adding to the list of the country’s jaw-dropping scams this year.   The man surnamed Zhang, set up a bogus China Construction Bank outlet with card readers, passbooks, teller counter and convincing-looking logos near the city of Linyi in early July.
Staffed with Zhang’s 15-year-old daughter and two of her classmates, the fraudulent bank lasted less than a month before a local woman surnamed Liu who had deposited 40,000 yuan (6,260 U.S. dollars) could not withdraw the money from a real branch. Managers there spotted the “ghost bank” and helped the woman alert the police.
All is not lost for local savers. Fortunately, Liu was the only victim caught in Zhang’s scam, and has finally got her money back.   The fake banker has been taken into custody since Aug. 7. Police charged him with illegally setting up a financial institution.
Scams are common in China, particularly in sectors like banking, telecommunications and electronics. In July this year, Beijing police cracked down a company that allegedly made more than 40,000 fake iPhones worth about 120 million yuan.
There’s a Goldman Sachs knockoff in China — and of course it’s tied to Macau
Multibillion-dollar investment giant Goldman Sachs has a copycat in China.
Goldman Sachs (Shenzhen) Financial Leasing Co., operating in the southern boomtown of Shenzhen, next to Hong Kong, has an almost identical name to New York-based financial institution, Goldman Sachs Group Inc.
A staffer at Shenzhen Goldman Sachs said any similarity to the US-based bank was unintentional Thursday, weeks after a Chinese man was arrested for setting up a fake bank branch.
“We don’t have any connection with the US Goldman Sachs,” a woman who answered the company’s listed phone number told AFP.
“We just picked the name out, and it’s not intentionally the same,” she added, before hanging up.
A Hong Kong-based spokeswoman for the US investment bank denied any ties with the Shenzhen company to Bloomberg and said it was “looking into the matter”.
The knockoff company uses the same Chinese characters as Goldman Sachs does.
It was exposed by a letter sent by a US casino workers union to Chinese anti-corruption officials asking them to investigate the firm, Bloomberg News reported.
Even the letter’s font was evocative of the US bank’s letterhead, according to Bloomberg.
Macau ties
The letter exposing the knockoff firm to Chinese officials alleged that the firm was linked to the family of Cheung Chi-tai, which controls a group of gambling companies, Bloomberg reported.
Cheung is a “prominent figure in Macau junkets,” according to the report, and has also been accused by prosecutors of having ties to “triads,” or organized crime gangs in China.
The US-based union has pushed before to have Chinese officials investigate potential organized crime and money laundering in Macau, the gambling hub of China.
The union also said a Hong Kong gold trader was heading the Shenzhen Goldman Sachs, according to Bloomberg.
Not the first fake bank this month
The news came after a 39-year-old man in eastern China was arrested earlier this month for setting up a fake branch of China Construction Bank, including card readers, teller counters and signs, according to state-run media.  Duped “customers” were able to hand over money to make supposed deposits into their accounts, but were refused withdrawals, reports said.  Enforcement of intellectual property laws in China is regarded as lax, with several foreign firms previously embroiled in court cases over imitators.  Basketball star Michael Jordan last month lost a case against a Chinese sportswear company that used the Chinese version of his name.  Apple Inc. paid $60 million to settle a trademark dispute with a Chinese company that had applied to block the sale of iPad computer tablets in 2012.
Fake Goldman Sachs bank found in China
Famous for making fake iPhones, Louis Vuitton bags and Rolex watches, China managed to surprise the world once again. A Goldman Sachs (Shenzhen) Financial Leasing Company was found operating in the country without any connection to the US investment giant. “We don’t have any connection with the US Goldman Sachs, we just picked the name out, and it’s not intentionally the same,” a woman who answered the company’s listed phone number told AFP. The company uses the same Chinese characters, gao sheng, as the real Goldman Sachs, and its English font is evocative of the US bank’s. Bloomberg made a filing with the Shenzhen government that reveals the replica Goldman Sachs has been operating since May 2013.
It’s not the first case of setting up fake banks in China. A 39-year-old man in eastern China’s Shandong Province was arrested this month after starting a fake branch of the China Construction Bank with card readers, passbooks, teller counter and convincing looking logos, the Xinhua news agency reported. The bank was taking deposits but didn’t allow withdrawals. “It’s notoriously difficult for an overseas claimant to persuade the Chinese courts that there has been trademark infringement. There’s still a practice of whoever registers first wins,” Paul Haswell, a Hong Kong-based partner at law firm Pinsent Masons told Bloomberg. Basketball legend Michael Jordan lost a case in July against a local sportswear company that used his name in Chinese. In 2012, Apple paid $60 million to Proview Technology (Shenzhen) that first registered the iPad trademark in China in 2001.

cyberplayground Check if you have an account that has been compromised in a data breach.
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Facebook Wants to Redline Your Friends List
The company recently filed a patent on using social network data to influence lending decisions. God help us all.
In short: You could be denied a loan simply because your friends have defaulted on theirs. It’s the kind of digital redlining that critics of “big data” collection have been warning of for years. It could make Facebook a lot of money, and it could make the Web even less safe for poor people. And it could be just the beginning. <more>

When Must Lawyers Ethically Encrypt Data? Texas Answers.

When Must Lawyers Ethically Encrypt Data? Texas Answers.

July 07, 2015

5G the Free WiFi Killer

From: Dave Burstein
Date: Monday, August 24, 2015
Subject: “5G the Free WiFi Killer” EE Times

The Intel/Verizon/Ericsson model of future wireless has everything controlled by a (carrier-managed) gateway. This report from the Intel Developers’ Forum suggests troubling consequences.
The EE Times article below may be making some assumptions I don’t share, but the underlying point is on target. The author fears a carrier gateway will impede WiFi and more. To be proven.
50-70% of wireless traffic now goes over WiFi, a figure that will increase as faster WiFi routers become common and more home gateways are configured to share unused bandwidth.
That’s an existential threat to phone companies depending on revenue from expanding data usage. They are fighting back in industry fora, including defining LTE-U/LAA as “LTE spectrum owners only” and seeking to dedicate 40 MHz of current WiFi spectrum to the 4 telcos.
Anyone who believes in a “multi-stakeholder” “open” Internet should be worried. In particular, the carriers are bringing this to industry only organizations especially 3GPP (the LTE standard setter), EU 5G groups, the Flex5GWare project and Horizon2020.
We badly need to get a consumer voice in these groups. I’ve raised the issue to Larry Strickling (U.S. Gov) and Kathy Brown (ISOC). vocal supporters of “multi-stakeholder.” The decisions being made in these groups will have more impact on consumers than the limited scope of the ITU/ICANN debate. I’m only one voice and I hope more speak up on the importance of the public interest.

5G the Free WiFi Killer

Integrating comm comes at a price
8/21/2015 09:50 AM EDT
SAN FRANCISCO, Calif.—5G may be not much more than a moniker for what comes after 4G, but Intel clarified its vision recently at a keynote during the Intel Developer Forum 2015 (IDF, San Francisco, Aug.18-20). “Seamless” is the goal and it comes at a price.
The top-line is that Intel hopes to apply all its expertise in computing, networking and wireless communications to make a seamless 5G solution that incorporates distributed intelligence at all levels–from the smartphone to the router to the basestation aggregator to cloudlets, clouds and our fastest supercomputers.
The bottom line is that cellular, WiFi, centimeter- and millimeter wavelength bands must be seamlessly integrated from the user’s point-of-view, according to Aicha Evans, vice president of platform engineering group and general manager of the communications and devices group at Intel.
“5G is not about faster, but about integrating all types of connectivity,” Evans told her keynote attendees at IDF. “The building blocks of 5G are already here today.”
To the carriers this integration will come at a price, since 5G-for-all presents the opportunity to kill free WiFi and instead charge users for every data packet they send or receive, no matter which of the integrated communications technologies is used. At Evans’ keynote she gathered together carriers, service providers and strategists to outline what it is that they expect from 5G, including Alex Choi, chief technical officer (CTO) of SK Telecom (Asia), Bin Shen, Verizon’s vice president of strategy (U.S.) and Paul McNamara, vice president of Ericsson’s corporate strategy group (Europe).

However, before the panel painted the world-changing picture of extraordinary speeds and ultra-low latency–at a price–Intel’s Sandra Rivera, vice president of the data center group and general manager of the Internet of Things (IoT) described the benefits of 5G to the users.

“Intelligence will begin with at the base station,” Rivera asserted to the crowd at IDF. <snip>

Editor, Fast Net News, Net Policy News and DSL Prime
Author with Jennie Bourne  DSL (Wiley) and Web Video: Making It Great, Getting It Noticed (Peachpit)

Nestle Pays Only $524 To Extract 27,000,000 Gallons Of California Drinking Water

Nestle Continues Stealing World’s Water During Drought
Nestlé is draining California aquifers, from Sacramento alone taking 80 million gallons annually. Nestlé then sells the people’s water back to them at great profit under many dozen brand names.

Nestle Pays Only $524 To Extract 27,000,000 Gallons Of California Drinking Water

Activists have called for a boycott of Nestle Waters and all Nestle products until they are held accountable for their actions in California.
(ANTIMEDIA) Los Angeles, CA — Nestle has found itself more and more frequently in the glare of theCalifornia drought-shame spotlight than it would arguably care to be — though not frequently enough, apparently, for the megacorporation to have spontaneously sprouted a conscience.
Drought-shaming worked sufficiently enough for Starbucks to stop bottling water in the now-arid state entirely, uprooting its operations all the way to Pennsylvania. But Nestle simply shrugged off public outrage and then upped the ante by increasing its draw from natural springs — most notoriously in the San Bernardino National Forest — with an absurdly expired permit.
Because profit, of course. Or, perhaps more befittingly, theft. But you get the idea.
Nestle has somehow managed the most sweetheart of deals for its Arrowhead 100% Mountain Spring Water, which is ostensibly sourced from Arrowhead Springs — and which also happens to be located on public land in a national forest.
In 2013, the company drew 27 million gallons of water from 12 springs in Strawberry Canyon for the brand — apparently by employing rather impressive legerdemain — considering the permit to do so expired in 1988.
But, as Nestle will tell you, that really isn’t cause for concern since it swears it is a good steward of the land and, after all, that expired permit’s annual fee has been diligently and faithfully paid in full — all $524 of it.
And that isn’t the only water it collects. Another 51 million gallons of groundwater were drawn from the area by Nestle that same year.
There is another site the company drains for profit while California’s historic drought rages on: Deer Canyon. Last year, Nestle drew 76 million gallons from the springs in that location, which is a sizable increase over 2013’s 56 million-gallon draw — and under circumstances just as questionable as water collection at Arrowhead.
This extensive collection of water is undoubtedly having detrimental effects on the ecosystem and its numerous endangered and threatened species, though impact studies aren’t available because they were mysteriously stopped before ever getting underway.
In fact, the review process necessary to renew Nestle’s antiquated permit met a similarly enigmatic termination: once planning stages made apparent the hefty price tag and complicated steps said review would entail, the review was simply dropped. Completely. Without any new stipulations or stricter regulations added to the expired permit that Nestle was ostensibly following anyway — though, obviously, that remains an open question.
In 2014, Nestle used roughly 705 million gallons of water in its operations in California, according to natural resource manager Larry Lawrence. That’s 2,164 acre-feet of water — enough to“irrigate 700 acres of farmland” or “fill 1,068 Olympic-sized swimming pools,” as Ian James pointed out in The Desert Sun.
Though there is no way to verify exactly how much Nestle must spend to produce a single bottle of Arrowhead spring water, the astronomical profit is undeniable fact: the most popular size of a bottle of Arrowhead 100% Mountain Spring Water (1 liter) retails for 89¢ — putting the potential profit for Nestle in the tens of billions.
Activists have called for a boycott of Nestle Waters and all Nestle products until they are held accountable for their actions in California.
There is much more to be revealed in future articles as the investigation into Nestle’s reckless profit-seeking during California’s unprecedented drought continues.

This is the second in our series of investigations into Nestle’s role in extracting massive amounts of groundwater in California during the record drought. The third in this series will delve further into Nestle’s corrupt business practices. Make sure you don’t miss the rest of this series! Subscribe to our newsletter here.
This article (Nestle Pays Only $524 to Extract 27,000,000 Gallons of California Drinking Water) is free and open source. You have permission to republish this article under a Creative Commons license with attribution to Claire Bernish and
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‘Flash’ events hurt market liquidity for days: N.Y. Fed blog | Reuters
Flash Boys Puts a Flashlight on Dark, Predatory HFT Trading | Dennis M. Kelleher
The scariest reason China devalued the yuan, in one chart China employment market is showing strains
Ashley Madison
Notes on the Ashley-Madison dump
– Are you a Californian worried about state deficit? Don’t worry, Ramon Hernandez of the CA FTB is looking for solutions on @adultfriendfind
.@Sidragon1 wouldn’t have to risk prison if FAA IT guys like Billy Enos found bugs instead of searching @adultfriendfind with state property
– Military legislative fellow Matt Daack used @ashleymadison to cheat on his wife with the House email he uses to evaluate classified data.
-John Tokarczyk of the Attorney General’s office hard at work investigating potential sex partners on @ashleymadison
From page 46 of the “How to Hack a Jeep” manual: masscan
Hillary Emailgate
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For 3 months Hillary Clinton’s email was unencrypted, open to spies
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bcrypt  There are two kinds of cryptography in this world: cryptography that will stop your kid sister from reading your files, and cryptography that will stop major governments from reading your files. This book is about the latter. — Preface to Applied Cryptography by Bruce Schneier